Types of Breast Surgery Procedures : Breast surgery, also known as mammoplasty, is a cosmetic operation that aims to enhance the female breast. Augmentation is done for various reasons such as enhancing contours, shape, and size; to name a few. Some individuals feel their breasts are not big enough. Others aim to retain a firm appearance post pregnancy. The breast surgery population has grown significantly last decade. One of the reasons for this is the versatility of breast surgery.