Urine Burning in Women: Causes and Treatment

Urine Burning in Women: Causes and Treatment
Urine Burning in Women: Causes and Treatment

Urine Burning in Women: Causes and Treatment : A disorder affecting the urinary bladder or nearby parts of the body can cause pain while urinating. The medical term for painful urination is dysuria. There are many potential causes for this condition to exist, and most of them are treatable. Females with dysuria should stay aware of any other symptoms which they are experiencing.

Similar symptoms can help doctors better understand and diagnose the condition

Causes of Dysuria

Various different conditions can lead to painful urination. Most of such causes are easily treatable. Below are the 10 possible causes of Urine Burning in Women, and also the other symptoms that may occur alongside dysuria.

  1. Urinary tract infection

    A urinary tract infection (UTI) happens when excess bacteria build up someplace in the urinary tract. This part of the body runs from the kidneys to the bladder to the urethra, which carries urine toward the outside of the body.

    Other symptoms- A person with a UTI may experience other symptoms, such as:
    – needing to urinate frequently
    – passing cloudy or blood-tinged urine
    – fever
    – foul-smelling urine
    – pain in the side and back

  2. Sexually Transmitted Infection

    Sexually transmitted infections (STIs), such as chlamydia, gonorrhea, and herpes, can all affect the urinary tract and lead to pain when urinating.

    Other symptoms- Symptoms may vary according to the type of STI. For example, herpes typically causes blister-like lesions on the genitals.

  3. Prostate infection

    A minor bacterial infection can lead to a prostate infection or prostatitis. Chronic inflammation from any other health condition, such as a Sexually Transmitted Infection or STI, can also cause prostatitis.

    Additional symptoms- A prostate infection may also cause:
    – difficulty urinating
    – pain in the bladder, testicles, and penis
    – difficulty ejaculating and painful ejaculation
    – needing to urinate frequently, especially at night

  4. Kidney stones

    Kidney stones are combinations of materials, like calcium or uric acid, which builds up and forms hardened stones in or around the kidneys. At times, the kidney stones will stick themselves near the area where urine enters the bladder. This can cause pain at the time of urinating.

    Symptoms- Along with dysuria, kidney stones can cause the following symptoms:
    – pain in the side and back
    – pink- or brown-tinted urine
    – cloudy urine
    – nausea
    – vomiting
    – pain that changes in intensity
    – fever
    – chills
    – urinating only small amounts frequently

  5. Ovarian cysts

    Just like kidney stones, ovarian cysts are another example of how some agents outside the urinary bladder can exert pressure on it and cause painful urination. Ovarian cysts can develop on one or both the ovaries, which sit on either side of the bladder.

    Other symptoms-
    People with ovarian cysts may experience:
    – unusual vaginal bleeding
    – pelvic pain
    – difficulty to realize that the bladder is empty after urinating
    – painful periods
    – breast tenderness
    – a dull ache in the lower back

  6. Interstitial cystitis

    Interstitial cystitis is also called bladder pain syndrome. It is is a condition that causes chronic irritation of the bladder that can last for up to 6 weeks or more without an underlying infection.

    Other symptoms- Interstitial cystitis may also cause the symptoms below:
    – pressure in the bladder area
    – pain during intercourse
    – pain in the vulva or vagina
    – pain in the scrotum
    – urinating frequently but producing little urine

  7. Chemical sensitivity

    At times, chemicals external to the body, such as scented fragrances, can irritate bodily tissues. When a person passes urinate, this irritation may be more noticeable, and pain may occur.

    Foreign Products which can cause chemical sensitivity include:
    – douches
    – soaps
    – scented toilet paper
    – vaginal lubricants
    – contraceptive foams

    Other symptoms- People who react to chemical products may notice:
    – swelling
    – redness
    – itching
    – irritation of the skin on or around the vagina and vulva.

  8. Vaginal infection or irritation

    Also known as vaginitis or vaginosis, a vaginal infection can occur due to the overgrowth of bacteria or yeast. An STI known as trichomoniasis can also cause vaginal infection.

    Other symptoms- The following symptoms may occur alongside painful urination:
    – foul-smelling or unusual vaginal discharge
    vaginal irritation
    – pain during intercourse
    – vaginal bleeding, which is usually mild.

  9. Medication

    Some medications, including those which the doctors prescribe to treat the bladder cancer, can cause a negative reaction and irritate and inflame the bladder tissues. This can often cause pain when urinating. If a female has started a new medication and starts feeling pain when peeing, she should call her doctor and ask if the symptom may be a side effect of the medication. They are suggested to not stop taking the medication on their own without asking the doctor first. Other symptoms vary based on the type of medication being taken.

  10. Bladder cancer

    Bladder cancer occurs when cancer cells start to develop in the bladder. Pain while urinating is not an early symptom of this condition. Moreover, a person usually notices blood in their urine in such cases.

    Other symptoms- Other possible symptoms of bladder cancer include:
    – frequent urination
    – having difficulty passing urine
    – lower back pain
    – appetite loss
    – weight loss
    – fatigue
    – foot swelling
    – bone pain

Visit a gynecologist

Most women may experience painful urination at some point during their lives. A female should see their doctor if the pain is consistent, and they are also experiencing the following symptoms:

  • pink, brown, or red-colored blood in the urine
  • pain in the side or back
  • pain that lasts longer than 24 hours
  • unusual discharge from the penis or vagina
  • Fever

If an adult female has a fever higher than 103°F, she should get immediate medical attention. A female should not ignore such pain experienced when urinating. A gynecologist can often help identify treatments that will reduce pain.

Treatment options

Treatment for dysuria depends on the cause of the condition. Concluding whether painful urination is due to an infection, inflammation, dietary factors, or a problem with the bladder or prostate is the first step in the treatment procedure. Urinary tract infections are most commonly treated with a course of antibiotics. Inflammation caused due to irritation to the skin is usually treated by avoiding the cause of the trouble. Dysuria caused due to an underlying bladder or prostate condition is treated by treating the cause of the condition.

There are several steps that the patient can take to reduce the discomfort caused by painful urination, such as drinking more water or taking over-the-counter options to treat the condition of a painful urination. Other treatments need to be prescribed by the doctor. If the female suffers from frequent episodes of urinary tract infections, the doctor can help look into the underlying cause of this condition and provide the optimum treatment.

Treatment options for dysuria depend on the underlying cause. The treatment is given after the doctor discovers the root cause of the condition.

  • Treating UTIs with antibiotics- Severe case of UTIs which affect the kidneys may require intravenous antibiotics. Treating the UTI will help get rid of dysuria.
  • Treating Prostatitis with antibiotics- A patient female takes these for up to 12 weeks if he has chronic bacterial prostatitis. Other prostatitis treatments include over-the-counter anti-inflammatories, prostatic massage, hot baths, and several medications, which relax the muscles around the prostate and help get relief. Dysuria is also treated once this underlying condition is treated.

Avoid the use of harsh soaps- Avoid using any harsh soap or other chemical products to clean the vaginal and genital areas. This could potentially cause irritation. Symptoms of this condition will often resolve quickly if the chemical irritation is the underlying cause.

The female suffering from dysuria can take over the counter anti-inflammatory medications, such as ibuprofen to help get relief from it. A doctor suggests the patient drink more water and other healthy fluids because that dilutes urine and makes it less painful to pass. Taking sufficient rest and taking medications as told by the doctor can usually help relieve most symptoms.


Dysuria is a common symptom with many causes, many of which are related to bacterial infection. Patients who feel sick should see the doctor before the infection gets worse and cause additional symptoms.





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