All You Need to Know About Plantar Fasciitis : Plantar fasciitis is a common musculoskeletal condition that affects the heel and is often caused by an overload of stress on the plantar fascia. This condition has a positive correlation with weight, occupation type, and excessive physical activity. The most commonly affected population includes individuals who are overweight or obese, active individuals, and athletes of recreational sports.
The pain associated with plantar fasciitis is the most notable symptom and may significantly affect the quality of life. To improve recovery time for this condition, you should follow specific instructions given by a Midtown East plantar fasciitis specialist. Although surgery is available, conservative therapies are typically sufficient for treating this condition and providing relief from symptoms.
Researchers have not been able to determine the cause of Plantar Fasciitis concretely. Some theories suggest that extreme pressure from continuous standing, walking, or running may lead to pain in the heel and damage to the plantar fascia. Hormonal changes from pregnancy, weight loss, and poor foot mechanics may also contribute to plantar fasciitis.
Many factors can cause the condition, including excess body weight and obesity, tight calf muscles, high arches in the feet, and flat feet. Researchers also believe that certain types of exercise and high-impact activities may contribute to the development of plantar fasciitis.
The most common symptom is a pain in the heel of one foot, which is usually worse with the first steps of the day or after a period of rest. Other symptoms may include:
- A feeling that the arch of your foot is collapsing.
- Sharp pain under the heel.
- Inflammation around the affected area.
Individuals have described their pain as feeling like someone is pressing a sizeable sharp object into the heel, stabbing pain when they stand up after sitting or laying down for long periods, and worse throbbing pain than the average foot ache.
Ideally, the goal of treatment should be to reduce inflammation and relieve pain. Conservative treatments for this condition are very effective. One approach is called night splints that are worn while sleeping or sitting for long periods. Splinting stretches the plantar fascia ligament, so it does not tighten up during the night. The stretch allows the plantar fascia ligament to rest and heal. It is believed that repeated cycles of stretching and re-tightening the tendon result in a gradual progression of healing.
In addition, orthotic devices are helpful for those suffering from plantar fasciitis. In this case, patients may benefit from arch supports or heel lifts. These devices distribute weight away from the heel, relieving pressure on the plantar fascia ligament and reducing inflammation.
Other techniques that may help include:
- Stretching exercises.
- Wearing shoes with cushioned soles.
- Over-the-counter pain medications like ibuprofen or acetaminophen.
To summarize, plantar fasciitis is a common musculoskeletal condition that affects the heel and is caused by an overload of stress on the plantar fascia. It is caused by excess body weight and obesity, tight calf muscles, high arches in the feet, and flat feet. It may cause symptoms such as heel pain and inflammation in the affected area. Treatments for plantar fasciitis include orthotic devices, night splints, stretching exercises and wearing shoes with cushioned soles, and over-the-counter pain medications.
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