How to prevent Infertility

How to prevent Infertility: In vitro fertilization (IVF) means fertilization outside the human body or in the laboratory. This applies to any type of conception where fertilization takes place outside the body. It is a major treatment for a variety of problems such as endometriosis, tube-peritoneal disturbances, pelvic adhesions, PCOD and unexplained infertility.

The process involves monitoring and stimulating your ovulatory process, removing an ovum and letting sperm fertilize them in a liquid in a laboratory. The fertilized egg is developed for 2–6 days and is then transferred to the uterus. This process is done with extreme precision and care.


Causes and factors of female infertility: –

There are many factors which can lead to female infertility. Though it can be classified into Acquired, genetic or by location. There is no proof that there will be only factor which will lead to infertility. It is mostly caused by a combination of factors.

Do-not get afraid if you suffer from infertility. There are many hospitals in the world to treat infertility but Asian countries specifically India offer IVF treatment at affordable prices.

Let us now analyse what are the major factors:

1. Acquired Factors:

According to the survey conducted Age, smoking, Weight issues can affect fertility of women. Let us now discuss the factors in detail


A woman’s fertility decreases with her age. Her fertility is highest in her 20s and it starts to decline rapidly after 35. Though there is no exact proof for you in this area but it is generally believed. The health of both mother and father should be proper to conceive naturally.


Smoking is harmful to your ovaries and the degree of harm depends on the length of exposure you smoke. Nicotine interfere with female hormones, embryo transport, receptivity of egg transfer etc. Also, smoking reduces the success of IVF treatment of giving a live birth.

Weight Issues

This factor is an important cause for infertility. Too much fat cells make your brain think as if it is on birth control reducing your chances of pregnancy. Even being underweight does not provide nourishment to the ovaries therefore reduces the chances of conceiving.


It poses as a high-risk factor for infertility. Some drugs and steroids can increase your risk of infertility.


If you have diabetes, you are at a high risk for infertility mainly reflected by delayed puberty, menstrual irregularities.

2. Genetic Factors

There are many genes which lead to infertility due to mutation of the genes. Also, the genetic condition of MRKH causes infertility.

Finally, there are many factors of female infertility which cannot be explained which can be accounted for as chromosomal abnormalities.


How to prevent infertility

Before trying to get pregnant please follow the below steps to prevent infertility condition and increase your chances of conceiving.

Remain Fit and Healthy

The key to reduce infertility is to remain fit and healthy. Do-not do strenuous exercises as it reduces the percentage of ovulation. Overweight as well as underweight woman have a huge risk for infertility. So, eat healthy and remain fit.

Stop smoking

Nicotine has many negative effects on ovulation of women, specifically your health and the health of your foetus. Quit smoking to increase your chances of conceiving.

Quit Drinking

Heavy drinking lead to decreased fertility. Any amount of alcohol use can affect the health of a foetus. If you’re planning to conceive, avoid alcohol, and don’t consume alcohol while you’re pregnant.

Do not take stress

Studies have shown that future parents experiencing stress had poor results with infertility treatment. Reduce stress in your life before trying to become pregnant.

Caffeine consumption

Consuming less caffeine intake shouldn’t affect your ability to get pregnant.

Coping with infertility

Dealing with infertility can be exhausting both physically and emotionally. To cope with infertility testing and treatment, consider these methods:

Be Strong and Prepared

IVF cycle can come with many failures which can be very stressful. Remain Strong and prepared. Ask your doctor to explain the steps for your therapy to help you to be prepared. Understanding the process may help reduce your anxiety and fear.

Seek support.

Although people can be conscious about infertility and it can be a very personal issue, reach out to your partner, close family members or friends, or a professional for support. Many online support groups allow you to discuss issues related to infertility without disclosing your identity.

Exercise and eat a healthy diet.

Keep up a steady exercise routine and eating healthy foods regularly can improve your health, calm your mind and keep you focused on living your life despite fertility problems.

Consider other options

Analyse alternatives like adoption, donor sperm or egg, or natural fertility herbs. This can reduce anxiety during treatments and disappointment if conception doesn’t occur.




Shreya Patra is Health Research Scholar and Medical Blogger. She keeps on writing on health-related topics.


Related Videos:

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Most Common Causes of Female Infertility, Treatment and Prevention


Treating Infertility Naturally: What Every Woman Needs to Know


Female Infertility Causes



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How to prevent Infertility

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How to prevent Infertility